Orthopedics and Traumatology
Turkiye Hospital’s Orthopedics and Traumatology department physicians successfully diagnose and treat all kinds of musculoskeletal diseases in our hospital. Thanks to our advanced radiology facilities, pre-and postoperative radiological evaluations of patients are provided. Our specialist physicians, with their knowledge, and experience, have been serving 24/7 for years. You can make an orthopedic appointment by using our hospital's online appointment or call center service.
What is Orthopedics and Traumatology?
Orthopedics and traumatology is a medical branch that deals with diagnosing, treating, and rehabilitating diseases of the human body's bones, joints, tendons, and muscle tissues. Orthopedics is a broad field that covers the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of diseases related to bones, joints, and muscles. Traumatology, on the other hand, is a narrower field that covers the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of muscle, tendon, bone, and joint injuries (muscle and tendon tears, fractures, and cracks). These two branches are very intertwined and have many common aspects.
What is orthopedics etymologically? The etymological origin of the word orthopedics comes from the Greek words "orthos" and "pais.” The term "orthos" means "smooth, proper,” while the word "pais" means "child, son.” Thus, orthopedics is translated as "proper son.” Furthermore, it is thought that it may have been used in the sense of "correct person.”
If we ask what orthopedics is today: Orthopedics is a medical field that deals with maintaining the healthy functioning of the body's bones, joints, muscles, and tissues such as tendons (tendons: the tissue that connects muscles to bones). In addition, Orthopedics includes the treatment of the tissues listed here in case of any disease, disability, or damage. Doctors specializing in this field are called "Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialists.”
What Diseases Does Orthopedics and Traumatology Treat?
Orthopedics and traumatology is a medical branch dealing with the health of the human body's joints, bones, muscles, and connective tissues, preserving, treating, and rehabilitating them. Doctors who are experts in this branch define and treat orthopedic and traumatological diseases such as fractures in bones, abrasions, the union of the joints, and weakening or contraction of the muscles. These diseases can occur in both the elderly and the young, and orthopedics and traumatologists can help people of all ages cope with such problems. This branch’s importance is excellent in preserving the mobility and function of the human body, and orthopedics and traumatology doctors aim to ensure that our body works healthily.
Orthopedists and traumatologists can treat many different diseases related to bones and joints. For example, orthopedic surgeons can fix fractures, allowing bones to heal. They can also reduce pain and swelling by treating joints in patients with arthritis. Patients with joint deformities can help correct the deformity by placing the bones in the correct position. Patients with osteoporosis can prevent bone loss by strengthening the bone tissue. This branch also covers problems related to bone and joint development in children. In treating such situations, the most appropriate treatment methods are selected, considering the growth and development of the child.
What are Orthopedics and Traumatology Diseases?
There are many diseases treated in the field of orthopedics and traumatology. Some of these diseases are as follows:
- Knee calcification (arthrosis)
- Shoulder calcification (arthrosis)
- Hip calcification (arthrosis)
- Shoulder problems (impairment syndrome, dislocations, ligament injuries, rotator cuff tears)
- Anterior knee pain
- Anterior cruciate ligament injury
- Meniscus injury and meniscus tear
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Hallux valgus and hallux fijidus
- Tennis Elbow and Golfer's Elbow,
- Fractures and Dislocations
- Pediatric Orthopedics (pediatric orthopedics and traumatology)
- Sports injuries
- Trigger finger
Different methods, such as orthopedic surgery, can be used to treat these diseases. Doctors working in this field try to help their patients recover in the best way possible.
Procedures Performed in the Field of Orthopedics and Traumatology
The orthopedics and traumatology procedures may be directed to the body’s bone, joint, and muscle tissues. Operations in this area may include functions such as:
- Medication Therapy
- Orthopedic surgery
- Hip, knee, and shoulder prostheses
- Nerve and tendon compression treatments (carpal tunnel, tarsal tunnel, Quervain, tenosynovitis)
- Correcting bone and joint deformities
- Bone and soft tissue tumors (swelling, mass)
- Performing arthrodesis (freezing of the joint)
- Foot problems (Hallux Valgus and hallux fijidus, clubfoot)
- Scoliosis treatment
- Spinal deformities treatments
- Treatment of joint and bone infections (inflammations)
- Treatment of congenital joint and muscle diseases
- Trauma treatments
- Plaster, bandage, and splint
- Minimally invasive (closed fracture treatment from small incisions) surgery of fractures
- Attaching prostheses, plates-screws, and nails to fractures
- Treatment of sports injuries (cruciate ligament repair, meniscus tear, cartilage and tendon tears) with the arthroscopic method
Which of these procedures will be applied may vary depending on the type and severity of the disease. For this reason, doctors in orthopedics and traumatology choose the most appropriate treatment method by creating a unique treatment plan for each patient.
FAQ About Orthopedics and Traumatology
Which department should I go to for fractures and fissures?
Fractures and fissures are a problem that occurs due to breaking or cracking bones in any part of the body. These problems usually occur due to an accident and can cause sudden pain and limitation of movement. The orthopedics and traumatology department is the most appropriate department for fractures and fissures. Doctors working in this department can treat many problems related to fractures and fissures. These doctors also use different methods, such as surgery or physical therapy, to treat fractures and fissures, ensuring the best recovery for their patients. Fractures or dislocations are usually detected in emergency departments. After the first intervention in the emergency department, an orthopedic appointment should be made, and the disease process should be followed up by an orthopedic and traumatology specialist.
What should be considered after orthopedic surgeries?
Orthopedic surgeries are surgical methods used to treat problems related to the body's bone, joint, and muscle tissues. Some points should be considered after these surgeries. For example:
- In the first few days, the operation area should not be touched or moved. This allows the surgical site to heal and accelerates the reduction of pain.
- After the surgery, you should go to the doctor's controls regularly and use the drugs by the treatment plan.
- After the surgery, apparatus such as adhesive bandage and holding bandage can be attached to the surgical area. It is essential to use these apparatuses correctly.
- After the operation, you should clean the surgical area and be careful against bacterial infection.
- After the surgery, you should act according to the instructions given by your doctor, and you should not be overloaded.
Paying attention to these points after orthopedic surgeries accelerates the surgical site's healing and ensure the patient's best recovery.
What does an orthopedic and traumatology doctor look for?
An Orthopedic and traumatology doctor is a specialist in a medical branch that covers the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of diseases related to bone, joint, and muscle tissues of the body. These doctors deal with many illnesses related to bone, joint, and muscle tissues. For example, these doctors can treat many diseases such as fractures, joint pain, shortness, deformities and congenital or acquired musculoskeletal problems. These doctors use different treatment modalities to ensure their patients get the best possible recovery. Among these methods, an orthopedic surgery can also be found.
Does an orthopedic surgeon perform surgery?
An Orthopedic doctor is a specialist in a medical branch that covers the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of diseases related to bone, joint, and muscle tissues of the body. These doctors deal with many illnesses related to bone, joint, and muscle tissues. Orthopedics doctors can use current treatment modalities to ensure their patients get the best possible recovery. Among these methods, an orthopedic surgery can also be found. Therefore, orthopedic doctors perform surgery. However, because every patient and every situation is different, you should talk to your doctor to decide which